Mystery roof leak under chimney flashing driving me crazy


#42

Go to a local roofing supplier and ask for a guy to fix it. There is no way everyone is booked for weeks. An amateur should not tackle this. And by the way, shoot the architect for putting a masonry chimney in a valley.


#43

The culprit is the flashing — the sheet metal that keeps the intersection between the chimney and roof watertight. When water gets behind faulty flashing, it can do a lot of damage to the roof sheathing and framing and to the ceiling below, so you need to deal with this problem immediately.

Proper flashing around a chimney includes two layers. The first is called step flashing: Sections of L-shaped sheet metal are woven into the shingle courses and lapped up the side of the chimney. Next comes the counterflashing: A second layer of metal is embedded in the chimney mortar joints and folded down to cover the top of the step flashing.

The corners are especially vulnerable. We cut and bend the metal around the corner. Even in a quality installation, this leaves one small spot that should be sealed with a high-quality urethane caulk. This caulk can work itself loose over time. If the flashing looks to be in good condition, recaulking should take care of the problem. However, caulk is not a substitute for properly overlapped flashing materials.

The type of metal used for flashing depends on where you live. Aluminum and galvanized steel are the usual choices in the South where I live. Copper is the longest-lived, but because it’s expensive, we see it only on high-end jobs here. Another advantage to copper is that the corners can be soldered for a watertight connection. In the Northeast, masons are partial to lead flashing, which is soft and easy to bend to shape. But no matter which material is used, it must be layered correctly if water is to be kept out.

When the chimney is at the bottom of a roof slope, we always install a cricket, a small diversion roof that prevents water from pounding the up-roof part of the chimney. We frame and sheathe crickets just like the rest of the roof, and then completely cover them with a modified bitumen membrane, which is folded up under the chimney flashing. We install asphalt shingles over the membrane to blend the cricket with the rest of the roof.


#44

SUMMARY of TOPIC: So I finally got a roofer to work on this leak last summer. After 3 calls back to this job, I believe the leaks have been sealed. Somehow, the paper under the saddle flashing rotted away, and had to be replaced. The secondary leak was also paper rot - possibly a bird nest and bird poop rotting away the paper. Water cascaded down the battens and would finally hit this rotten paper. SO, last couple days we’ve had our first winter rain storm here in Reno. Don’t see any leaks, but I still hear a drip drip drip all night inside my chimney dropping on some sheet metal. I sealed my chimney cap last spring and double checked my chimney caps… just don’t see where it could be leaking. I’m left with the possibility of water seeping through the brick or mortar (though I did seal the very top of my chimney with siloxane last spring… thanks for all your help !


#45

I think the leak is where the fluke, spark arrestor is coming through the cap.
That is usually the culprit for what you describe.